|Bridge Name||Facility Carried / Feature Intersected||Location||Structure Type||Construction Date and Builder/Engineer|
Dietzenbach Bottom Bridge
Mill Race Bridge
|Pheasant Road (Old Alignment) Over Turkey River||Rural: Fayette County, Iowa||Metal 6 Panel Pin-Connected Warren Through Truss, Fixed||1890 By Builder/Contractor: Chicago Bridge and Iron Works of Chicago, Illinois|
|Rehabilitation Date||Main Span Length||Structure Length||Roadway Width||Main Spans|
|1926||121 Feet (36.8 Meters)||121 Feet (36.8 Meters)||16.1 Feet (4.9 Meters)||1|
This bridge was originally located over Otter Creek in the town of Elgin, Iowa. It was relocated to its current location in 1926. As a result, this bridge is sometimes called the Old Elgin Creamery Bridge, in addition to the above listed names.
The bridge is an extremely rare example of a pin-connected Warren truss bridge. The Pratt was the far more common truss configuration used in trapezoidal truss bridges with pinned connections. The Warren only took off as a popular truss form when riveted connections became common in the early 20th century.
This bridge has been bypassed by a modern bridge, and the historic bridge was left abandoned for its aesthetic and historic value. While floods have washed away the soil around the abutments, the truss itself remains with good historic and structural integrity.
The Chicago Bridge and Iron Company was organized by a number of people including Horace E. Horton. He was president of the company in 1897 when he bought the entire company out and reorganized it as the Chicago Bridge and Iron Works, a company which remains in business today.
Information and Findings From Iowa's Historic Bridge Inventory
Discussion of Bridge
This single-span truss crosses the Turkey River at
the northern edge of Fayette County, in Section 3 of Auburn Township.
Known locally as the Mill Race Bridge, presumably for its proximity to a
riverside mill, the structure is configured as a six-panel Warren truss
with pinned connections. The existing concrete abutments are evidently
replacements of an earlier substructure. Although county records are
somewhat sketchy, the Mill Race Bridge appears to have been erected n
1890. In January of that year the county board of supervisors received a
citizens' petition for a permanent bridge at this location. The petition
was referred, along with six others, to a committee of the whole, after
which a contract was awarded to build the bridge. Fayette County had
dealt almost exclusively with Horace E. Horton, a brilliant civil
engineer from Minneapolis, for its wagon bridges in the 1880s. When
Horton moved to the Chicago Bridge and Iron Company in the late 1880s,
he brought the county with him as a client, and the latter firm was
largely responsible for the county's bridges in the 1890s. The Mill Race
Bridge was probably fabricated and erected by Chicago B&I for the county
in 1890. Other than the subsequent replacement of its substructure, it
remains in essentially unaltered condition today.
Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes
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