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South Union Street Bridge

   
                  


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Bridge Documented: June 12, 2009
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Key Facts
Bridge Name Facility Carried / Feature Intersected Location Structure Type Construction Date and Builder/Engineer
South Union Street Bridge
South Union Street Over Boardman River Traverse City: Grand Traverse County, Michigan Metal Stringer (Multi-Beam), Fixed 1931 By Builder/Contractor: L. W. Lamb Company of Jackson, Michigan and Engineer/Design: Michigan State Highway Department
Technical Facts
Main Span Length Structure Length Roadway Width Main Spans NBI Number
72.8 Feet (22.2 Meters) 74.8 Feet (22.8 Meters) 40 Feet (12.2 Meters) 1 284676400064B04

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

This bridge is one of the most noteworthy and important of Traverse City's collection of old bridges scattered throughout downtown. It is a historically intact, and wide, example of a stringer bridge built to a design that was used in the late 1920s and early 1930s in Michigan. The design features included concrete facade over the outside of the steel stringers at the sides of the bridge, and a unique concrete balustrade railing. This particular example also includes built-up beams which is not present on all examples of this standard plan bridge form. The built-up beams on this bridge may be due to the  fact that this bridge is a fairly long single-span stringer structure, which required very deep stringers. Unique features on this bridge include additional architectural treatment to the large concrete abutments. The Historic Bridge Inventory comments that this was done because it was realized that Traverse City was an important tourist destination and they wanted the bridge to look nice.

Information and Findings From Michigan Historic Sites Online

Narrative Description

South Union Street, originally US-31, crosses the Boardman River just south of downtown Traverse City. The city's main post office is northwest of the bridge. To the south is a well-preserved turn-of-the-century residential neighborhood. The main public library is west of the bridge on the river's south bank. The river is edged by an attractive park, which includes a walkway that passes beneath the bridge. Stairs lead down to the park near both sides of the bridge's south end. A low dam is slightly upstream to the east. Further to the east is the next river crossing, the handsome concrete-arch Cass Street Bridge. The South Union Street Bridge is skewed. The span's twelve I-beam girders are built up from plates and angles riveted together. The outer girders are faced with concrete with recessed panels, which curve out at the top to meet the slightly projecting bridge deck. The concrete balustrade railing has square-section spindles ornamented with two incised vertical lines. At each end are solid concrete parapets. The bridge maintains excellent integrity.

Statement of Significance

In 1929, the city began planning to replace dangerous bridges over the Boardman River at Cass and South Union Streets. When the city learned that the state might take responsibility for the Union Street crossing, it turned its attention to the Cass Street project, while pressuring the state to build the South Union Street Bridge. State bridge engineer Charles Melick visited Traverse City in October 1929, and concurred that a new bridge was urgently needed. The department completed a survey of the site by December, and sent preliminary plans for review by the city board in the following July. Bids for erecting the structure were due 31 December 1930, and the department opened the bids a week later. L. W. Lamb, a contractor from Jackson, won the contract for $66, 482. There were additional expenditures for structural steel ($4,959), aggregates ($3, 593) field pint ($253), and other items, bringing the project cost to nearly $78,000. An article in a December 1931 issue of Michigan Roads and Airports reported on the importance of the appearance of the bridge, which was located in a park and served as a major gateway for tourists arriving in the city: "Careful attention was given to the dressing up and sodding of the banks and the face of the reinforced concrete abutments have been paneled and the brush hammered as a further aesthetic treatment." Although it is no longer designated as a federal or state route, the South Union Street Bridge is an attractive, well-preserved reminder of the influence of the tourism industry on bridge aesthetics, and of the increasing importance of tourism in this area during the first decades of the twentieth century. As a result, it is eligible for the National Register under Criterion A.

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Photos and Videos: South Union Street Bridge

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