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Benwood Bridge

Bellaire Railroad Bridge

   
                  


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Bridge Documented: August 2007
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Key Facts
Bridge Name Facility Carried / Feature Intersected Location Structure Type Construction Date and Builder/Engineer
Benwood Bridge
Bellaire Railroad Bridge
Railroad (Baltimore and Ohio) Over Ohio River Bellaire and Benwood: Belmont County, Ohio and Marshall County, West Virginia Metal 11 Panel Pin-Connected Parker Through Truss, Fixed and Approach Spans: Stone Semicircular Deck Arch, Fixed 1905 By Builder/Contractor: American Bridge Company of New York, New York
Technical Facts
Main Span Length Structure Length Main Spans
347.9 Feet (106 Meters) 5808 Feet (1770 Meters) 6

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth and Rick McOmber

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

View a 1905 report on the reconstruction of this bridge.

This bridge is an impressive structure. The main spans are beautiful Parker truss spans that feature attractive portal bracing design. The date of construction for these remains a mystery. They are traditionally composed, but are significant as a large-scale simple span truss bridge construction on the Ohio River. There are also plate girder and deck truss spans present. The metal truss spans date to 1905. Some of the eastern approach spans date to 1901, according to an American Bridge Company plaque on the bridge. However, just as impressive and significant, and almost a bridge unto themselves, are the extremely long series of approach spans on the Bellaire side which are stone arch spans dating to 1870-1872 called the Great Stone Viaduct. These spans were built to lead to a previous railroad bridge, and were reused when the current truss bridge was built. The approach spans are a historic structure in their own right and are a major reason why this bridge is important to preserve. The arch spans were 1.5 miles in length when they were when built in 1872, and at that time were the longest stone arch bridge in the United States at the time. The arch spans are impressive to view as they are very long and also have a curve to them.

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Photos and Videos: Benwood Bridge

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