|Bridge Name||Facility Carried / Feature Intersected||Location||Structure Type||Construction Date and Builder/Engineer|
Dunlap's Creek Bridge
Market Street Bridge
|Market Street (Historic National Road Over Dunlaps Creek||Brownsville: Fayette County, Pennsylvania||Metal Solid Ribbed Spandrel Braced Deck Arch, Fixed||1839 By Builder/Contractor: Richard Delafield, U.S. Army Corp of Engineers|
|Rehabilitation Date||Main Span Length||Structure Length||Roadway Width||Main Spans||NBI Number|
|1981||80 Feet (24.4 Meters)||84 Feet (25.6 Meters)||23 Feet (7 Meters)||1||264003009005020|
In the United States, this is as old as metal bridges get! Not only is it the oldest iron bridge in the United States, it was the first cast iron bridge ever built in the country. Unbelievably, this bridge is over 170 years old yet it remains open to motorized traffic today (a concept this bridge's builders wouldn't have imagined in their wildest dreams) and the bridge carries this traffic even without excessive restrictions, despite the fact that since 1923 the bridge has carried a wider deck than the bridge was originally designed for! This is a testimony to the quality of construction and the extremely pure quality of the iron used to fabricate the arch. The age and continuing function of this historic bridge puts modern engineering and construction to shame. Many modern bridges have failed to last even 70 years, and engineers today tend to be proud when they try to claim their new bridges will last 100 years.
As you seem to find with the extremely old metal bridges like the famous Firth of Forth Bridge in Scotland, tubular-shaped elements were used on the Market Street Bridge, in particular the main arch. The spandrel design and other original bracing for the bridge are star-shaped elements. The layout of the arch and the lattice spandrel design appears to have been influenced by British cast iron bridges existing and being built in Great Britain when this bridge was built.
As if its age was not enough significance, this bridge is associated with a historic highway. This bridge was built to carry the famous Cumberland Road, which was later renamed to the National Road. As the latter name implies, this was a significant corridor of travel in the earlier years of the United State's development. If people call Route 66 the mother road, than perhaps this road should be called the father road. The National Road is one of the roads that got people out to the Midwest (where Route 66 begins) in the first place. Near the bridge today, there is historic National Road signage for people wishing to travel the closest approximation to the route. In general US-40 also follows the path of the National Road, although the exact alignment is a bit different in some places. For instance, Market Street no longer carries US-40, although it once did.
This bridge is one of the most frustrating bridges ever to photograph. A long time ago, indeed before the 1920 expansion of this bridge took place, someone built a building so large that part of it sits on supports right over Dunlaps Creek, right beside the bridge! Similarly, a foundation of another building continues to block the view of the bridge on the other side. You can't even see the whole bridge as a result!
This bridge is a perfect example of how a historic bridge can indeed support 21st century traffic. This bridge was widened in 1920 to the current 37 foot width present today. This modification is so old, it itself is essentially historic. The beautiful railings are from that 1920 modification, although some panels have been replaced with newer replicas in recent years. In the above photo, the panel closest to where I am standing, the front left panel, is one of the replaced panels. The other panels on that closest side to me are all original.
There is some interest in removing the unused foundation blocking the bridge and also creating a park by the bridge to facilitate viewing of the bridge. HistoricBridges.org strongly supports this proposal. This is one of the most important structures in the United States, and it deserves to be accessible.
William Searight was described as "one of the contractors who built the iron bridge over the mouth of Dunlap's creek..." It is currently not known who some of the other contractors might have been. His portrait is shown in the image to the left. A book titled Biographical and portrait cyclopedia of Fayette County, Pennsylvania (1889) contains a biography of John Herbertson who is described as having designed and supervised the construction of the bridge. Historic American Engineering Record comments that John Snowden also worked with Herbertson to design the bridge. Randle Dearth is listed as the builder of the bridge's stone abutments in a book Recollections of James Guthrie Johnston compiled and edited by William H. Cooke. and published in 1929.
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